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An Easy Guide for Social Justice: Talking About Power & Privilege

People become aware of societal injustices. Power and privilege are two related concepts that influence the dynamics of social injustice. Understanding how these concepts interact and overlap can assist individuals in creating a more equal society. At Joeydolls, we are committed to raising more awareness about the social injustices of racism and colorism especially within the Asian community. We will define power and privilege, explain why understanding them is important in the context of social justice, and provide practical ways for implementing this knowledge to create a more equitable society.

What is Power and Privilege?

Power and privilege are complex ideas that demand a nuanced understanding. Power is the capability to influence the behaviour, thoughts, and decisions of others. It can be derived from the economy, government, or community. Economic power involves managing money and resources, while political power entails implementing changes in government decision-making processes. Social power involves using cultural values, beliefs, and norms to alter people’s actions, thoughts, and emotions.

In contrast, privilege refers to unearned advantages people receive based on their societal status. Conversely, oppression occurs when individuals are mistreated and excluded from society due to their identity. Factors such as race, gender, sexuality, social status, religion, and education level may impact privilege. It is crucial to understand that people do not choose to have privilege; rather, society grants it to them.

Importance of Understanding Power and Privilege in Social Justice

In the fight for social justice, understanding power and privilege is essential. In society, power and privilege function in diverse ways, resulting in unequal distribution of resources and opportunities. Because of this unequal distribution, certain groups face systemic oppression and marginalization, perpetuating social inequity. Individuals can identify and fight oppressive structures and work towards a more just society by understanding how power and privilege work.

Understanding Power

Power Definition and Power Types

As previously said, power is the ability to influence the behaviour, actions, or decisions of others. Power comes in many forms, including economic, political, and social. The ability to control resources and riches is referred to as economic power. Those who manage resources and wealth wield considerable power in society because they can decide how resources are allocated and who has access to them.

The ability to influence others’ views, attitudes, and behaviours through cultural norms, values, and beliefs is referred to as social power. Those with social influence can mould societal values and ideas, as well as control the prevalent cultural narratives.

The Impact of Power on Society

The dynamics of power have an enormous effect on society. Unequal power allocation leads to unequal distribution of resources and opportunity, perpetuating social inequality. Those in positions of power can enact and enforce laws and policies that benefit them at the expense of others. This perpetuates a systemic oppression cycle in which certain groups are constantly marginalized and denied access to resources and opportunities.

What is Privilege?

Privilege refers to the advantages and benefits that certain groups have in society, usually based on characteristics like race, gender, sexuality, religion, class, and so on. Access to resources, opportunities, and social networks are examples of tangible and intangible benefits.

There are numerous sorts of privileges, and they frequently intersect and overlap. Among the most common sorts of privilege are:

  • White privilege refers to the advantages that white people have in society due to their race.
  • Male privilege refers to men’s advantages in society because of their gender.
  • Heterosexual privilege refers to the advantages that heterosexual people have in society because of their sexual orientation.

The advantages people have in society due to their social class and money are referred to as economic privilege. Improved access to education, healthcare, housing, and increased social prestige and political power may be among the benefits.

Privilege manifests itself in society in a variety of ways. One of the primary ways that privilege occurs is through the establishment and maintenance of social hierarchies. Based on qualities such as ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and others, these hierarchies place certain groups of individuals at the top and others at the bottom.

Unconscious bias, or the tendency for people to make judgements and decisions based on stereotypes and assumptions rather than objective criteria, can also work as a form of privilege. People who do not meet mainstream cultural standards may face discrimination and marginalization as a result.

Intersectionality: Power and Privilege Collide

Power and privilege must be understood separately, but they must also be understood in relation to other dimensions of identity. This is where the idea of intersectionality comes into play. Intersectionality recognizes that persons have numerous identities that interact with one another in diverse ways.

For example, a person may be privileged in some areas of their life yet oppressed in others. A wealthy white woman may have privilege due to her socioeconomic level and race, yet she may still confront oppression due to her gender. It is critical to comprehend these intersecting identities and how they shape power and privilege.

Intersectionality also aids in highlighting the perspectives of marginalized communities, which are often overlooked or excluded in debates of power and privilege. For example, a discussion of gender privilege may exclude the experiences of trans persons or gender nonconforming people, who may face oppression in different ways.

Understanding intersectionality is essential for carrying out effective social justice activities. It assists us in understanding the complexities of power dynamics and how they affect people differently. We can construct more inclusive and effective social change initiatives by embracing an intersectional perspective.

How to Talk About Power and Privilege

It might be difficult to discuss power and privilege. It frequently entails confronting painful truths and admitting our own privileges and biases. However, having fruitful debates about these issues is critical to building a more just and equal society.

Defensiveness is a common barrier in these interactions. When challenged with the thought that they have privilege or power, people may feel defensive, leading to ineffective dialogues. It’s critical to approach these discussions with empathy and understanding, acknowledging that everyone has different experiences and viewpoints.

Listening is another important aspect of these discussions. It is critical to actively and empathetically listen to the experiences and viewpoints of others. This can aid in developing a more open and inclusive discussion in which everyone’s viewpoint is heard and appreciated.

Finally, it’s critical to approach these discussions with an open mind. Recognize that learning about power and privilege is lifelong and that we all have room to learn and improve. We can have more productive and effective dialogues if we approach these conversations with a commitment to learn and improve.

How We Can Work Towards A More Equitable World

Understanding power and privilege is critical for carrying out effective social justice activities. It assists us in recognizing how power dynamics affect marginalized communities and lays the groundwork for more equitable institutions.

Examining our privileges and biases is one practical application of this information. We can accomplish this by reflecting on our experiences and identities and recognizing how they influence our thoughts and experiences. We can attempt to overcome our prejudices and establish more inclusive and equitable systems if we recognize them.

Another practical way is to actively support marginalized people while also working to demolish repressive systems. Donating to organizations that support marginalized populations, educating ourselves and others about systematic injustice, and campaigning for legislative reforms that promote fairness and justice are all examples of how we can help.

Finally, it is critical to recognize the importance of action and advocacy in effecting social change. We can create a more just and equitable society for all by taking an integrative approach to social justice work and elevating the voices of marginalized populations.


Understanding power and privilege is critical for carrying out effective social justice activities. We may try to establish more inclusive and equitable systems by recognizing how power dynamics affect marginalized communities and identifying our own privileges and biases. We can create a more just and equitable society for everybody by using an integrated approach and highlighting the voices of marginalized populations. It is a life-long process, but by addressing it with a growth mentality and a dedication to social change, we can build a better future for everybody.

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